Art. 1: « Le Grand Orient de Belgique, obédience masculine, maillon de la franc-maçonnerie universelle, demande à celui qui se présente à l’Initiation d’être honnête homme et d’être capable de comprendre et de propager les principes maçonniques. Il exige de ses membres, la sincérité des convictions, le désir de s’instruire et le dévouement. Il forme une société d’hommes probes et libres qui, liés par des sentiments de liberté, d’égalité et de fraternité, travaillent individuellement et en commun au progrès social, et exercent ainsi la bienveillance dans le sens le plus étendu ».
« La pensée ne doit jamais se soumettre, ni à un dogme, ni à un parti, ni à une passion, ni à un intérêt, ni à une idée préconçue, ni à quoi que ce soit, si ce n'est aux faits eux-mêmes, parce que, pour elle, se soumettre, ce serait cesser d'être. » Henri Poincaré
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lundi 6 janvier 2020
Ultraliberalism : FTSE chief executives 'earn average salary within three days' 8 hours ago
FTSE 100 chief executives starting work on 2 January will by 17:00 GMT on Monday have earned above the average wage of £29,559, the report says.
The data was compiled by the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development and the High Pay Centre think tank.
Business Secretary Andrea Leadsom said the pay gap was "concerning".
The figures - based on the latest available data - suggests the average FTSE 100 chief was paid £3.46m in 2018, equivalent to £901.30 an hour.
The average full-time annual salary of £29,559 works out at £14.37 an hour, the report said, meaning that top bosses earned about 117 times their average employee.
The report said high pay will be a key issue in 2020 as this is the first year that publicly listed firms with more than 250 UK employees must disclose the ratio between chief executive pay and that of their average workers, and explain the reasons for their executive pay ratios.
The CIPD and High Pay Centre called on businesses not to treat the new reporting requirements as a "tick-box" exercise and to use it as an opportunity to fully explain chief executive pay levels.
Peter Cheese, chief executive at the CIPD, said: "This is the first year where businesses are really being held to account on executive pay. Pay ratio reporting will rightly increase scrutiny on pay and reward practices, but reporting the numbers is just the start.
Luke Hildyard, director of the High Pay Centre, said: "CEOs are paid extraordinarily highly compared to the wider workforce, helping to make the UK one of the most unequal countries in Europe."
Ms Leadsom accepted that the figures were a concern, but said changes to the rules on reporting executive pay would help shine a light on the issue.
She said: "Today's figures will be eye-watering for the vast majority of hard-working people across the UK.
"The numbers are better than they were - down a quarter since 2012 and 13% on average since last year - but the situation is still concerning, especially in those cases where executives have been rewarded despite failing their employees and customers."
But Ms Leadsom added that changes to the way companies report pay would "increase transparency around how directors meet their responsibilities".
TUC General Secretary Frances O'Grady said the report "tells you everything about how unfair our economy is".
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