2001, diploma, IEP Paris; 2002-04, studied at ENA (National Administration School); postgraduate diploma (DEA) in Philosophy. 1999-2001, worked for philosopher Paul Ricoeur. Former senior official and 2004-08, Inspecteur des Finances, Ministry of Economy, in charge of the Commission for French Growth (Attali commission) and project leader;
2008, joined the private sector as Investment Banker (Partner), Rothschild.
From May 2012, Deputy Secretary-General, Presidency of the French Republic; currently, Minister of the Economy, Industry and Digital Affairs of France.